Review of International Business academic literature

This is always a work in progress as new sources are identified and added.

International Entrepreneurship – |International entrepreneurship, born globals and the theory of effectuation |

Internationalisation process | Internet-enabled experiences within the internationalisation process of the firm|Impact of Internationalization on Firm Performance: A Literature Review | Development of a business model for the internationalisation | The Internationalisation process of the firm | The Internationalisation of the firm – 4 case from Sweden |

Global inequality

What is inequality and how does it affect global business? A curation of resources on the topic is listed here.
Where are the world’s most unequal countries?  |  The world bank data on the Gini index  shows income inequality |  An empirical evidence of how inequality between incomes has changed over time, and how the levels of inequality in different countries is also useful to explore the topic | Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index  which combines a country’s average achievements in health, education and income with how those achievements are distributed among country’s population by “discounting” each dimension’s average value according to its level of inequality can be accessed on the UNDP page |

How to screen country/markets for an attractive entry?

One of the key decisions after making a decision to go global is finding an attractive best fit market based on a firm’s situational analysis.
This article looks at several resources that can be useful in country screening.

1. A Step-by-Step Approach to Market Research provided by the US govt.
2. A case study /dissertation of Market entry strategy for a Finnish International New Venture to the German marke.
3. Market Potential Index (MPI) indexing study is conducted by the Michigan State University — International Business Center to help companies compare prospect markets on several dimensions.
4.Andrew Harrison’s Lecture Programme delivered at the Technical University of Košice.
5.An analysis of American’ multinationals foreign market entry strategies in the European Union agribusiness context.
6. A KPMG briefing document on  Developing a Market Entry Strategy for Poland.
7.Foreign Market Entry Strategies of Japanese MNCs
8.Analysing Foreign Market Entry: The Choice between Greenfield Investment and Acquisitions.
9.Four entry strategies for small and midsized companies into Emerging Markets.
10. A PwC briefing document Market entry and growth in China.
11. A KPMG Briefing document on Market Entry Strategy in India.
12.Russian multinationals: entry strategies and post- entry operations
13. Vietnam Market Entry

Country and States

A list of countries, states , self governing territories .
Start with How Many Countries Are There in the World in 2017 and move on to updates on the world’s countries and borders, a list of Independent States , Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty  and States With Partial recognition. INTERPOL,the world’s largest international police organisation is active in 192 countries. See also Travel Advisories.

The history of Globalisation

When did globalisation begin?   What are the significance of the 15th Century? Did Mexican silver cause a ‘price revolution in Europe? Or did the continent suffer form internal inflationary pressures instead?

Start here with a historical guide . Alok Sheel looks at Globalisation as an interplay of markets, technology and the role of the state.

Cities have played an important role in globalisation unleashing waves of globalisation led economic growth.

Empirical Relationships among Technological Characteristics, Global Orientation, and Internationalisation of South Korean New Ventures

International new ventures (INVs) that pursue rapid internationalisation have received a growing amount of attention worldwide. This study, therefore, examined characteristics of INVs, and hence investigated empirically the relationships among the technological characteristics of INVs, the characteristics of their chief executive officers (CEOs) (i.e., global orientation), and their internationalisation such as the level of internationalisation. The findings of this study can be summarised as follows: all of the technological characteristics (e.g., technological capacity, imitation, innovation, and standardisation) have significant effects on the internationalisation of INVs. Furthermore, the CEO’s global orientation mediated the relationship between the technological characteristics and internationalisation. Read More 

International Market Orientation and Management Capabilities as Determinants of the New Ventures’ International Behaviour

The main research objectives of this paper are the analysis of the influence of international market orientation and the management capabilities derived from that orientation on international new ventures’ (INVs) behavior. Foreign market geographical diversification and the commitment involved in entry modes are considered to reflect this international behavior. Thus existing International Entrepreneurship literature is developed by analyzing the behavior of INVs explaining and testing how international market orientation and management capabilities affect geographical diversification and the commitment involved in entry modes. The empirical study confirms this influence. Read more 

International expansion of Colombian firms: Understanding their emergence in foreign markets

This paper aims to show that, although there is no evidence of a generalized pattern within the internationalization process of Colombian firms, there are common features in the majority of the observed firms: the election of exportations as the main entrance tool, the entrance to countries within a short geographical and psychological distance, and the development of local strategic advantages that eventually replicate abroad. A poll and a structured interview were used, including numerical and categorical variables, followed by a cross analysis ofcases. It was also found that internationalization decisions operate under an ad-hoc basis and rely heavily on the experience and intuition of top decision-makers at the company level. Read more